a detailed plan or drawing that shows the dimensions, materials, and layout of a building or structure.
the base on which a building or structure is constructed, usually made of concrete or stone.
the process of constructing the skeleton of a building or structure using wood, steel, or other materials.
vertical framing members in a wall. Joists: horizontal framing members that support the floor or ceiling of a building.
a structural frame made of wood or steel that supports a roof or bridge. Siding: the outer covering of a building, typically made of wood, vinyl, or brick. Roofing: the process of constructing the roof of a building, typically using shingles, metal, or tile.
the system of pipes, fixtures, and other apparatuses used for water supply and drainage in a building.
the system of wiring, switches, and other components used for electricity supply and distribution in a building.
heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems used to regulate temperature and air quality in a building.
a mixture of cement, sand, and water used to create a solid foundation or structure. Masonry: the art of building with stone or brick.
a panel made of gypsum plaster sandwiched between two sheets of paper, used to cover walls and ceilings. Insulation: a material used to reduce heat loss or gain in a building, typically made of fiberglass, foam, or cellulose
These are just a few of the most common construction terms, as the construction industry includes a wide range of specialized terminology depending on the project and the materials being used.